Gutting environmental review means tens of billions wasted on projects that will be ruined by climate change
President Trump’s infrastructure plan is as fatally flawed as his border wall plan.
The 53-page plan released Monday, which never mentions the word “climate,” would effectively allow the Trump Administration to gut or simply avoid the federal environmental review process entirely. Note 1.
That means potentially tens of billions of dollars wasted on developing projects that will likely be ruined by the impacts of a rapidly changing climate — just the way Trump’s planned border wall would likely be if it were ever built. Note 2.
The President’s long-awaited $1.5 trillion plan rolled out on Monday had already been widely criticized for including a mere $200 billion in actual federal money — and a lot of wishful thinking about leveraging vast amounts of state and local revenue. Note 3.
But the plan’s proposal to gut the normal environmental review process and quickly push through projects without adequate vetting is disastrous. Worsening deluges, sea level rise, extended droughts, and ever hotter temperatures will test even the most carefully designed projects. But it will likely ruin the least carefully designed ones.
“The impact of not considering climate change when planning infrastructure means you end up building the wrong thing, in the wrong place, to the wrong standards,” as urban planning and climate expert Michael Kuby told the New York Times. “That’s a whole lot of waste.” Note 4.
Also, failing to consider climate change could put lives at risk if infrastructure isn’t designed to handle the kind of super-storms scientists say we’ll see more of in the future.
A 277-page peer-reviewed report from Trump’s own Environmental Protection Agency found that by 2100, the cumulative cost of adapting just the nation’s roads to climate change would be $230 billion. Note 5. That’s for the business-as-usual emissions scenario for carbon pollution that Trump’s pro-pollution policies would result in.
The process the country uses to avoid building environmentally dangerous or unsustainable projects was created by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and is called the NEPA review process. Note 6. There are three different levels of analysis possible, as the EPA explains on its website. Note 7.
First, “a federal action may be ‘categorically excluded’ from a detailed environmental analysis if the federal action does not, ‘individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment’.” That determination is made by each relevant federal agency.
Second, if the agency doesn’t make a determination for a Categorical Exclusion, then it performs an Environmental Assessment (EA) to determine whether or not a federal action “has the potential to cause significant environmental effects.” If the agency finds it does not, then it issues a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).
Third, if the “EA determines that the environmental impacts of a proposed Federal action will be significant, an Environmental Impact Statement is prepared.” And the EIS process is designed to be quite thorough. See Note 6.
Trump’s plan makes it easier for federal agencies to label an infrastructure project a “‘categorical exclusion,” and circumvent any environmental review.
It would also eliminate Section 309 of the Clean Air Act, which “requires that EPA review and publish comments on most Environmental Impact Statements.”
It would “authorize federal agencies to accept funding from non-federal entities to support environmental and permitting reviews.” So potentially fossil fuel companies could support reviews that just coincidentally downplay climate change.
Trump’s plan notes that “The heart of the NEPA process is the evaluation of alternatives. The development, analysis, and weighing of alternatives serves to ensure that Federal officials make informed decisions.”
So naturally Trump’s plan proposes that “an agency should not be required to consider alternatives that are outside its authority or outside the capability of the applicant.” In short, if an agency says it isn’t qualified to judge an alternative or an applicant says it can’t handle a proposed alternative, it doesn’t need to be considered.
Finally, the plan notes that “Using current authority, DOT [Department of Transportation] has successfully assigned its NEPA responsibilities to six States” in a few specific cases. But Trump proposes “authorizing other agencies to assign NEPA responsibilities to States,” in order to “extend the benefit of this program to other types of infrastructure agencies and projects.”
So the federal government could simply hand over environmental review to any state.
But the fact that Trump and much of the staff of the White House and the federal agencies deny climate science — as do the governors of key states like Florida — means that climate impacts are unlikely to be part of any serious review. Note 8.
Therefore, if anything like this plan were passed, it could wreak untold environmental havoc on the country — all in the name of quickly building a lot of expensive infrastructure that is doomed to fail.
Note 1. The White House, Legislative Outline for Rebuilding Infrastructure in America. politi.co/2o4tEGi
Note 2. Joe Romm, “Climate change would swamp Trump’s border wall: Warming-fueled monster deluges keep flooding our 1,254-mile Rio Grande border with Mexico,” Think Progress (5 April 2017). bit.ly/2GlpyB7
Note 3. Igor Bobic, “Trump’s New Infrastructure Plan Is Kind Of Underwhelming: The “big league” president goes small on infrastructure,” HuffPost (12 Feb 2018). bit.ly/2ChTYC2
Note 4. Coral Davenport, “Trump’s Infrastructure Plan May Ignore Climate Change. It Could Be Costly,” The New York Times (10 Feb 2018). nyti.ms/2EjMkZT
Note 5. Joe Romm, “This is what America will look like if we follow Trump’s climate policies: Leaked draft reveals a devastated America, up to 8 feet of sea level rise, 18°F Arctic warming–unless we embrace Paris climate deal,” Think Progress (8 Aug 2017). bit.ly/2C2Mmb4
Note 6. US EPA, National Environmental Policy Act Review Process. bit.ly/2oDOKtx
Note 7. National Environmental Policy Act, Agency NEPA Implementing Procedures bit.ly/2l0OSql
Note 8. Ryan Koronowski, “Every climate denier in Trump’s cabinet: Trump has surrounded himself with climate science deniers,” Think Progress (1 Feb 2018).
This article by Joe Romm was first published in ThinkProgress (12 Feb 2018). bit.ly/2CrL6dj
Joseph Romm, Ph.D., is one of the United States’ most influential communicators on climate science and solutions. Romm is Chief Science Advisor for “Years of Living Dangerously,” which won the 2014 Emmy Award for Outstanding Nonfiction Series. He is the founding editor of Climate Progress, which New York Times columnist Tom Friedman called “the indispensable blog.” In 2009, Time named him one of its “Heroes of the Environment,” calling him “The Web’s most influential climate-change blogger.” In 2009, Rolling Stone put Romm on its list of 100 “people who are reinventing America.” Romm was acting assistant secretary of energy in 1997, where he oversaw $1 billion in low-carbon technology development and deployment. He is a Senior Fellow at American Progress and holds a Ph.D. in physics from MIT.
Dr. Romm is also author of Climate Change: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press, 2015).
“Climate Change, What Everyone Needs to Know is a must-read for those who want to become climate literate and join the growing conversation about the greatest threat humanity faces today.” –The Guardian